Who invented pizza? Their response would probably be “the Italians.” And this would be the correct response, in a way. But the roots of pizza can be traced back much further than modern-day Italy.

pizza was invented in Naples, Italy, by Raffaele Esposito in the 19th century CE

When King Umberto and Queen Margherita visited Naples in 1889, Esposito made the first premier pizzas in the world for the monarchs.

It was the queen’s first foray into genuine Italian food since the monarchy in those days exclusively consumed French cuisine. Pizza was considered a peasant’s food. Queen Margherita was particularly impressed by one which had all the colors of the Italian flag on it. Today, we know this as pizza Margherita.

Thus, we can say that it was an Italian chef from the small town of Naples who invented pizza. But it’s more complicated than that…